About Bulgaria

Why Bulgaria - information about Bulgaria

Territory:        110 994 km2

Population:     7 153 784

Capital:           Sofia

Official language:      Bulgarian

Religion:         Orthodox Church

Political system:         Parliamentary Republic

National currency:     Lev

Time zone:      GMT +2

 

Official holidays:

January 1st           New Years’s Holiday;

March 3rd             National Holiday;

May 1st                 Labour Day;

May 6th                Gergyovden, and the Bulgarian Military Army’s Day;

May 24th              Cyril and Methodius Day;

September 6th     Unification Day;

September 22nd        Independence Day;

November 1st       National Day of the Bulgarian Revival Leaders;

December 24,25,26   Christmas Days;

Easter                     different day every year.

 

Unique nature! Bulgaria is a piece of heaven, combining the incredible beauty of the azure, warm sea and the magnificent peaks of the mountains covered with snow caps. Bulgarian land is generously endowed by nature with exceptional diversity of landscape, mild, moderate continental climate, suitable for recreation year-round, rich in flora and fauna, having many mineral springs. Beautiful mountains, valleys, forests, lakes, waterfalls, rivers, sea - you can find anything you want.

History - Bulgaria is an ancient country with rich history and culture. Situated at the important crossroad between Europe and Asia, tour lands are populated from ancient times. All the nations, lived in this land - Thracians, Slavs, Bulgarians, left its imprint in the world cultural treasure. There are numerous historical and architectural sites to be seen: Varna necropolis (4000 g.pr.Hr), where the oldest processed gold in the world is found, Thracian tombs and temples with gold treasures of world appreciation, Panagyurishte treasure of gold, numerous Greek, Roman and Byzantine monuments of antiquity, architectural and historical sites and parks, Pliska, Preslav, Tarnovo, Koprivshtitsa, Zheravna, Melnik and many others.  

Location - it is in a distance of 1-2 hours by plane from all European countries; you can travel across the whole country by car. Bulgaria is situated in Southeast Europe and occupies the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. To the north it borders on Romania, to the west on the Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Serbia, to the east on the Black Sea, to the south on Greece and to the southeast on Turkey's European part.

About the climate - Temperate continental with clearly marked four seasons.
A Mediterranean influence is felt in the country's southern regions.    

The average annual temperature is 10.5°C.
The average January temperature is around O°C.
Average summer temperatures rarely exceed 30°C.

Beaches - In the east, Bulgaria is on the Black Sea. The most popular resorts of the country are: Kranevo, Albena, Golden Sands, Saint Vlas, Nessebar and Sunny Beach. They are far from major cities, which guarantees a relaxing holiday. However, near these resorts there are interesting tourist sites. In Bulgaria, the beaches are free and belong to the city, however umbrellas and sun beds are extra paid. The estimated cost of renting an umbrella per day is 6-10 euros and renting a sunbed per day is 2-5 euros, depending on the resort.

Relief - Extremely varied: large plains and lowlands, low and high mountains, valleys and lovely gorges.

State language - Bulgarian. Russian, English and other European languages ​​are used in resorts, hotels and restaurants.

State Structure and Economy - According to its Constitution, Bulgaria is a Parliamentary Republic, a unified state with local self-government. The official language in the republic is Bulgarian, and the religion of most Bulgarians is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The national state emblem of the Republic of Bulgaria is an upright golden lion on a dark red, shield-shaped background. The national emblem of Republic of Bulgaria is depicted on its state seal. The flag of the Republic of Bulgaria consists of three colors: white, green and red, laid horizontally from top to bottom. The country’s national anthem is the song Mila Rodino (Dear Motherland). Bulgaria’s capital is Sofia. All citizens are equal before the law. No limitations on rights or privileges are allowed because of race, citizenship, ethnicity, sex, national origin, religion, education, beliefs, political affiliations, personal or social position, or property status. The state authority is divided into the legislative, executive and legal branches. The political life of Bulgaria is based on the principle of political pluralism.

Bulgarian Lev - In Bulgaria, in shops you can pay only with the Bulgarian lev. The Bulgarian lev to the euro has been stable for many years at the level of 1.95. Euros, dollars, rubles can be exchanged in numerous Bulgarian Banks. It is better to do this in official offices. Do not use exchangers on the beach, or the streets, there is too unprofitable course.

Transport - Public transport is mainly represented by private and public buses, and in Sofia by trams and subway. You can use all types of urban transport. The ticket is bought from the driver or the designated places. Daily, weekly, monthly and other travel tickets are also sold. Taxis can be stopped outside. To rent a car you need: a passport, driver's license and cash advance.

Attractions - Attractions in Bulgaria include medical and spa centers, wine cellars in Plovdiv, estuary mud and mineral springs, Kaleto and Tsarevets fortresses, the ancient cities of Balchik and Nessebar, theaters, beaches and seaports, Roman baths, ancient temples, cathedrals and cave houses churches.

How to get there - Bulgaria welcomes you to 4 international airports in Sofia, Bourgas, Plovdiv and Varna; you can also get there by train, by sea or Danube, by bus or by your own car. Airplanes regularly fly to Sofia and Burgas.

Communication and Wi-Fi - Bulgaria has its own mobile operators: A1, Telenor and Vivacom. The country is not one of the giants, the coverage of all providers is fairly stable, it remains to choose a tariff and package of services to suit your requirements.

Cuisine and restaurants - The Bulgarian cuisine is distinguished by a special spicy taste, spicy seasonings, an abundance of vegetables and an addiction to open hearths and earthenware. It is worth trying the famous stuffed peppers, “lutenitsa” (spicy pasta, which is smeared on bread), “kebab” (meat on skewers), “kebabche” (fried meat sausages), “gyuvech” (stew with potatoes and vegetables), “ Kavarma (dish of meat with mushrooms, onions and potatoes), Bulgarian soup "tarator" and "banitsa" - puff pastry pies with cottage cheese, pumpkin or cheese. Bulgarians in general differ in predilection for brynze - traditional salad “Shopska” is another confirmation of this.

However, there is no single cheese: the country generally respects dairy products in general: “sourly mily” (a drink like sour milk), “ayran” - a salty mixture of yogurt and water, and even cold “tarator” soup (creepy for the uninitiated union of sour milk, cucumbers garlic and nuts). We also recommend to try local cheeses - hard yellow "kashkaval" and soft "siren" from sheep's milk.

Local wines are a great addition to a delicious lunch or dinner. Among the red wines can be distinguished "Pamid", "Melnik", among the white - "Han Krum Traminer", "Galatea" and "Kadarku".

There are, of course, usual cafes and restaurants in Bulgaria, but for a proper acquaintance with the country's cuisine, it will not be superfluous to know the local names of catering points and their essence. "Mehana" is a small family restaurant of traditional cuisine, often decorated as a rural house - wood, brick, ceramics, old dishes, objects of rural life, tablecloths and plates in ornaments. “Mehana” is an entourage, a sense of antiquity and a pleasant gastronomic attraction. The guest will be offered a menu with such an abundance of dishes that the head starts spinning from the selection. Often the explanations in the menu are duplicated in English, not uncommon and Russian. But even without this, you can guess from familiar words and mouth-watering pictures. The average bill in the resort area without drinks will be about 12-15 BGN. A glass of wine - 2-5 BGN, a beer mug - 1.50-2 BGN. In places less promoted prices are lower.